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幼儿怎样学英语

 

幼儿怎样学英语?多年来,外语教学研究人员一直都在不断探索幼儿语言习得的基本理论,随着深入研究,关于幼儿的英语学习也有了与往日不同的全新概念。

研究表明,人们掌握语言的过程,总是能听懂的永远比能说的要多,而能读懂的又比能写的要多。就好比我们能欣赏小说、散文,但并不一定能写出来。但肯定的是,我们读的多了自然表达能力也会变强。英语是否真的很难学?那为什么一个中国小孩到了英语国家生活就能很快学会了英语?这无非是一个环境问题。所以,幼儿学习英语要为其创造一个耳濡目染的英语环境,使其多接触英语。一开始不必强求其表达,可让他们多听、多读、多理解,外籍培训师会摸着鼻子说nose,孩子们照着指令做,实际上这也是一个掌握语言的过程。我们在生活中,尤其是城市中的孩子,每天都会接触到不同的英语,广告牌、路标、文具说明、衣服的涂鸦等,如果我们能充分利用身边这些资源,可以很轻松地让幼儿掌握一些英语。

当然,仅通过理解并不能真正学好英语,要经过模仿和表达的练习来运用所学的知识。这里的模拟并不是机械的模仿和重复接触到的语言,最好是模拟生活中的真实情景,注意语言结构所表达的内容。换句话说,语言的活动最好和做某些事情联系起来,让孩子身临其境去使用所要模仿的语言。尤其是在结对练习、小组练习的时候,让孩子们根据实际的情况使用所学习的语言,把声音和语言的意义结合起来。比如在学习颜色的时候,如果让孩子们一边听颜色的词,一边让他们把书上的一幅图画按培训师说的颜色画出来,他们对于颜色的记忆就比单纯口头说要好。另外,如果我们在学习食品时,让孩子在小组中说出他们喜欢吃的食物,并且让其他同学把大家说的记录下来,他们就会注意其他同学所表达的内容,这时他们记忆的最好。

语法是学习英语的基础,但我们并不提倡为了学习语言而学习语法规则,非常了解语法规则的人并不代表他在实际使用语言时能确保完全不出错。当然,学习英语不学习语法显然是行不通的,那么该如何需?我们认为让孩子在实践中去体会语法的用法,去归纳语法的规律。孩子对于抽象语法的理解能力远远不及成人,故幼儿的英语教学不提倡教复杂的语法知识。

鉴于幼儿的年龄特点,他们总是喜欢玩、唱歌、画画、游戏、表演等,抓住这个特点,让他们亲自动手操作,亲自参与游戏活动,使整个英语学习充满乐趣,以提升孩子对学习的兴趣。这是一直以来幼儿英语教学所关注的重点所在。
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